Human Spaceflights

International Flight No. 293

Soyuz TMA-11M



Patch Soyuz TMA-11M Patch Koichi Wakata Soyuz TMA-11M

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Patch Soyuz TMA-11M

Launch, orbit and landing data

Launch date:  07.11.2013
Launch time:  04:14:15.290 UTC
Launch site:  Baikonur
Launch pad:  1
Altitude:  415 - 419 km
Inclination:  51.65°
Docking ISS:  07.11.2013, 10:27:52 UTC
Undocking ISS:  13.05.2014, 22:35:56 UTC
Landing date:  14.05.2014
Landing time:  01:58:06.8 UTC
Landing site:  47°20'59.459" N, 69°31'25.117" E

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Crew Soyuz TMA-11M

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No.   Surname Given names Position Flight No. Duration Orbits
1  Tyurin  Mikhail Vladislavovich  Commander 3 187d 21h 43m 52s  2916 
2  Mastracchio  Richard Alan "Rick"  Flight Engineer 4 187d 21h 43m 52s  2916 
3  Wakata  Koichi  Flight Engineer 4 187d 21h 43m 52s  2916 

Crew seating arrangement

1  Tyurin
2  Mastracchio
3  Wakata
Soyuz TMA spacecraft
1  Tyurin
2  Mastracchio
3  Wakata

Backup Crew

No.   Surname Given names Position
1  Surayev  Maksim Viktorovich  Commander
2  Wiseman  Gregory Reid  Flight Engineer
3  Gerst  Alexander  Flight Engineer
Crew Soyuz TMA-11M backup
Patch Soyuz TMA-11M backup

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Launch vehicle:  Soyuz-FG (No. 4M136S T15000-048)
Spacecraft:  Soyuz TMA-11M (TMA-M No. 711)


Launch from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Landing 145 km SE of Dzheskasgan. ISS Expedition 38 / 39.

Following an only six-hours solo flight Soyuz TMA-11M docked to ISS on November 07, 2013. Mikhail Tyurin, Richard Mastracchio and Koichi Wakata became the ISS Expedition 38 (together with ISS Expedition 37 crew members Oleg Kotov, Sergei Ryazansky and Michael Hopkins).

The Soyuz spacecraft is composed of three elements attached end-to-end - the Orbital Module, the Descent Module and the Instrumentation/Propulsion Module. The crew occupied the central element, the Descent Module. The other two modules are jettisoned prior to re-entry. They burn up in the atmosphere, so only the Descent Module returned to Earth.
The deorbit burn lasted 281 seconds. Having shed two-thirds of its mass, the Soyuz reached Entry Interface - a point 400,000 feet (121.9 kilometers) above the Earth, where friction due to the thickening atmosphere began to heat its outer surfaces. With only 23 minutes left before it lands on the grassy plains of central Asia, attention in the module turned to slowing its rate of descent.
Eight minutes later, the spacecraft was streaking through the sky at a rate of 755 feet (230 meters) per second. Before it touched down, its speed slowed to only 5 feet (1.5 meter) per second, and it lands at an even lower speed than that. Several onboard features ensure that the vehicle and crew land safely and in relative comfort.
Four parachutes, deployed 15 minutes before landing, dramatically slowed the vehicle's rate of descent. Two pilot parachutes were the first to be released, and a drogue chute attached to the second one followed immediately after. The drogue, measuring 24 square meters (258 square feet) in area, slowed the rate of descent from 755 feet (230 meters) per second to 262 feet (80 meters) per second.
The main parachute was the last to emerge. It is the largest chute, with a surface area of 10,764 square feet (1,000 square meters). Its harnesses shifted the vehicle's attitude to a 30-degree angle relative to the ground, dissipating heat, and then shifted it again to a straight vertical descent prior to landing.
The main chute slowed the Soyuz to a descent rate of only 24 feet (7.3 meters) per second, which is still too fast for a comfortable landing. One second before touchdown, two sets of three small engines on the bottom of the vehicle fired, slowing the vehicle to soften the landing.

Graphics / Photos

Soyuz TMA spacecraft Soyuz TMA landing module
crew in training Soyuz TMA-11M integration
Soyuz TMA-11M rollout Soyuz TMA-11M erection
Soyuz TMA-11M on the launch pad Soyuz TMA-11M launch
Soyuz TMA-11M launch Crew Soyuz TMA-11M inflight
Soyuz TMA-11M landing Soyuz TMA-11M landing
Soyuz TMA-11M landing Soyuz TMA-11M recovery


Last update on June 09, 2021.