Biographies of USSR / Russian Cosmonauts


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Nikolai Nikolayevich


Personal data

Birthdate:  18.09.1932
Birthplace:  Tomsk / Tomsk Oblast / Russian SFSR
Marital status:  married
Children:  one
Selection date:  27.05.1968
Selection group:  Korolyov-Group / Mishin-Group / TsKBEM-1
Position:  Test Cosmonaut (TC)
Status:  Ret. 07.07.1987
Date of death:  18.10.2002
Place of death:  Moscow / Russian Federation


No. Mission Position Time Duration
1  Soyuz 10  Test Engineer  22.04. - 24.04.1971 1d 23h 45m 
2  Soyuz 16  Flight Engineer  02.12. - 08.12.1974 5d 22h 23m 
3  Soyuz 33  Commander  10.04. - 12.04.1979 1d 23h 01m 
Total  9d 21h 09m 

Backup assignments

No. Mission Position
1  Soyuz 19 EPAS  Flight Engineer
2  Soyuz 28  Commander

Additional information

Graduated from Moscow Physical-Engineering Institute, 1957; Candidate of technical sciences degree, 1980; Physicist; Engineer at Korolyov design bureau; was selected as cosmonaut on 27.05.1968 (TsKBEM-1); was involved in the Soviet Lunar landing program; first civilian, who has been a Soyuz Commander in the Interkosmos program; he was assigned for Soyuz T-11, but he caught a bad cold and was replaced by Gennadi Strekalov; later he worked on at NPOE; hobbies: Amateur-radio, driving.


Last update on July 06, 2009.